Nicaragua’s experience with child and youth participation
Thanks to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the international treaty most widely ratified at the global level, children from Nicaragua and any other part of the world have the right to the right to express their views and be listened to (Article 12); to receive and impart information (Article 13); to freedom of association and peaceful assembly (Article 15); and to access information (Article 17).
With the growth of new media and global networks, transformations can be seen in the management of knowledge, allowing more people to access and freely use information, data and coding (computer languages). However, so far both computer languages and technologies have been accessible to and dominated by a minority, or else their use generally lacks any social purpose.
One of the great challenges is to achieve the whole population’s active participation in the digital media, including children and young people, to make information, data and coding accessible. Others include achieving 21st-century skills for future labour insertion, exchanging knowledge and ultimately creating alliances and participating in the solutions to problems that affect the rights of children in the digital era.
The discipline of geography has been one of the areas of knowledge reserved for certain elites. However, new technological possibilities have transformed it into a field of opportunities for everyone to use and participate in.
While it is true that technology has come to play a notable role in children’s daily lives, the context is not entirely advantageous given the absence of favourable spaces in which they can relate with the technology as a life tool. Nicaragua particularly lacks spaces like this in which children can better understand their social environment.
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